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MANUAL SCAVENGING

Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment MANUAL SCAVENGING Posted On: 26 JUL 2022 4:40PM by PIB Delhi As per Section 2 (1) (g) of the P

Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

azadi ka amrit mahotsav

MANUAL SCAVENGING

Posted On: 26 JUL 2022 4:40PM by PIB Delhi

As per Section 2 (1) (g) of the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, (MS Act 2013), the definition of manual scavenger is as follows:-

“Manual Scavenger” means a person engaged or employed by an individual or a local authority or a public or private agency, for manually cleaning, carrying, disposing of, or otherwise handling in any manner, human excreta in an insanitary latrine or in an open drain or pit into which the human excreta from insanitary latrines is disposed of, or on a railway track or in such other spaces or premises, as the Central Government or a State Government may notify, before the excreta fully decomposes in such manner as may be prescribed, and the expression “manual scavenging” shall be construed accordingly.

Two surveys have been conducted in the year 2013 and 2018 to identify the manual scavengers. During these surveys 58,098 eligible manual scavengers were identified. State-wise details are given at Annexure-I.

No death has been reported due to engaging in Manual Scavenging (which is lifting of human excreta from insanitary latrines as defined in Section 2(1) (g) of the MS Act, 2013). However, 188 persons have died due to accidents while undertaking hazardous cleaning of sewer and septic tanks during the last three years and current year. Year-wise and state-wise details are given at Annexure-II.

An amount of Rs. 266.16 crore has been spent by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment under the Self Employment Scheme for Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers since 2013-14.

In accordance with the Hon’ble Supreme Court’s Judgment dated 27.03.2014 in Civil Writ Petition No. 583 of 2003, compensation of Rs. 10 lakh each is paid by the State Governments to the families of those who have died while cleaning sewers/septic tanks from the year 1993 onwards. National Commission for Safai Karamcharis and Department of Social Justice have ensured such compensation payments. State wise details are given at Annexure-III.

During the current financial year 2022-23, under the Self Employment Scheme for Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers (SRMS), there is an allocation of Rs. 70.00 crore. However, so far no fund has been released during 2022-23 to the National Safai Karamcharis Finance and Development Corporation (NSKFDC).

(The cases filed in this regard are at different stages and have not come to the logical conclusion.

Annexure-I

State-wise Number of Manual Scavengers Identified

S.No.

State

No. of manual scavengers identified

  1.  

Andhra Pradesh

1793

  1.  

Assam

3921

  1.  

Bihar

131

  1.  

Chhattisgarh

3

  1.  

Gujarat

105

  1.  

Jharkhand

192

  1.  

Karnataka

2927

  1.  

Kerala

518

  1.  

Madhya Pradesh

510

  1.  

Maharashtra

6325

  1.  

Odisha

230

  1.  

Punjab

231

  1.  

Rajasthan

2673

  1.  

Tamilnadu

398

  1.  

Uttar Pradesh

32473

  1.  

Uttarakhand

4988

  1.  

West Bengal

680

Total

58098

       

Annexure-II

Year-wise and State-wise details of death of persons during last three years and current year due to hazardous cleaning of sewers and septic tanks

Name of State/UT

2019

2020

2021

2022

S. No.

Total No. of death

Total No. of death

Total No. of death

Total No. of death

  1.  

Andhra Pradesh

2

0

0

0

  1.  

Bihar

0

0

0

0

  1.  

Chhatisgarh

0

0

0

0

  1.  

Chandigarh

0

0

0

0

  1.  

Delhi

10

4

4

2

  1.  

Gujarat

14

0

5

0

  1.  

Haryana

14

0

5

2

  1.  

Karnataka

7

2

5

0

  1.  

Kerala

0

0

0

0

  1.  

Maharashtra

15

4

0

4

  1.  

Madhya Pradesh

1

0

3

0

  1.  

Odisha

0

0

2

0

  1.  

Punjab

3

0

1

0

  1.  

Rajasthan

5

0

0

0

  1.  

Tamil Nadu

13

9

5

5

  1.  

Telangana

0

0

2

0

  1.  

Uttar Pradesh

26

0

0

4

  1.  

West Bengal

6

0

4

0

Total

116

19

36

17

Annexure-III

Details of death of persons in sewers and septic tanks during the years 1993 to till date (As on 30.06.2022)

S No

Name of State/UT

Total Number of sewer death

Status of payment of compensation in terms of Supreme Court Judgment dated 27.03.2014

10 Lac

Less than 10 Lac

1

Andhra Pradesh

23

13

4

2

Bihar

2

2

0

3

Chhatisgarh

1

1

0

4

Chandigarh

3

3

0

5

Delhi

99

72

15

6

Goa

6

0

6

7

Gujarat

136

83

23

8

Haryana

81

63

12

9

Karnataka

84

84

0

10

Kerala

13

13

0

11

Maharashtra

41

16

6

12

Madhya Pradesh

16

16

0

13

Odisha

2

2

0

14

Puducherry

9

8

0

15

Punjab

40

34

4

16

Rajasthan

38

28

5

17

Tamil Nadu

218

207

1

18

Telangana

18

15

2

19

Tripura

2

0

2

20

Uttrakhand

4

2

2

21

Uttar Pradesh

105

60

30

22

West Bengal

25

20

1

Total

966

742

113

This information was given by Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment Shri Ramdas Athawale in the Lok Sabha in a written reply today.

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MG/RNM

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