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Ministry of Jal Shakti Sewage Water Treatment Posted On: 09 DEC 2021 5:16PM by PIB Delhi Cleaning and rejuvenation of rivers is a continuous p

Ministry of Jal Shakti

Sewage Water Treatment

Posted On: 09 DEC 2021 5:16PM by PIB Delhi

Cleaning and rejuvenation of rivers is a continuous process. It is the responsibility of the States/Union Territories (UTs), Local Bodies and Industrial Units to ensure required treatment of sewage and industrial effluents to the prescribed norms before discharging into rivers and other water bodies, coastal waters or land to prevent and control of pollution therein. As per the report of Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) of March, 2021, 72368 million litres per day (mld) is generated from urban areas in the country, against which a treatment capacity of 31841 mld is available. State/UT wise details are at Annexure-I.

For conservation and rejuvenation of rivers, this Ministry has been supplementing efforts of the States/UTs by providing financial and technical assistance for abatement of pollution in identified stretches of rivers in the country through the Central Sector Scheme of Namami Gange for Ganga and its tributaries, and the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National River Conservation Plan (NRCP) for other rivers. Setting up of STPs is one of the important components of these programmes. 

NRCP has so far covered polluted stretches on 34 rivers in 77 towns spread over 16 States/UT in the country with the project sanctioned cost of Rs.5961.75 crore, and inter-alia, a sewage treatment capacity of 2677 million litres per day (mld) has been created. Under the Namami Gange programme, a total of 353 projects, including 157 projects for sewage treatment of 4952 mld capacity and sewer network of 5212 kms, have been sanctioned at a cost of Rs.30458 crore. State/UT-wise details of funds allocated and utilised for cleaning of rivers during the last five years and the current year under NRCP and Namami Gange programmes are given at Annexure-II.

In addition, sewerage infrastructure is created under programs like Atal Mission for Rejuvenation & Urban Transformation (AMRUT) and Smart Cities Mission of Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs.

Rejuvenation of river Yamuna river is included under the Central Sector Scheme of Namami Gange. There are 34 operational STPs with a capacity of 2624 mld in Delhi. 10 sewage treatment infrastructure projects at an estimated cost of Rs. 2296 crore have been sanctioned under Namami Gange programme for creation/upgradation of the 1362 mld of sewage treatment capacity in Delhi.

As per the Provisions of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution), Act 1974, industrial units are required to install effluent treatment plants (ETPs) and treat their effluents to comply with stipulated environmental standards before discharging into river and water bodies. Accordingly, CPCB, State Pollution Control Boards/Pollution Control Committees monitor industries with respect to effluent discharge standards and take action for non-compliance under provisions of these Acts.

Besides, in compliance of the orders of National Green Tribunal (NGT) in Original Application No.673/2018 regarding rejuvenation of polluted river stretches in the country, States/UTs are required to implement approved action plans for restoration of the polluted stretches in their jurisdiction as identified by CPCB and published in their report of 2018, within the stipulated timelines. As per the orders of NGT, regular review on implementation of action plans is undertaken in the States/UTs and also at Central level.

  This Information was given by the Minister of State for Jal Shakti, Shri Bishweswar Tudu in a written  reply in Lok Sabha today.

ANNEXURE-I

State-wise Sewage Generation and Treatment Capacity of Urban Centers-India

States / UTs

Sewage Generation (in mld)

Installed Capacity 

(in mld)

Number of STPs Installed

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

23

0

Andhra Pradesh

2882

833

66

Arunachal

Pradesh

62

0

Assam

809

0

Bihar

2276

10

1

Chandigarh

188

293

7

Chhattisgarh

1203

73

3

Dadra   & Nagar Haveli

67

24

3

Goa

176

66

11

Gujarat

5013

3378

70

Haryana

1816

1880

153

Himachal Pradesh

116

136

78

Jammu & Kashmir

665

218

24

Jharkhand

1510

22

2

Karnataka

4458

2712

140

Kerala

4256

120

7

Lakshadweep

13

0

Madhya Pradesh

3646

1839

126

Maharashtra

9107

6890

154

Manipur

168

0

Meghalaya

112

0

Mizoram

103

10

1

Nagaland

135

0

NCT of Delhi

3330

2896

38

Orissa

1282

378

14

Pondicherry

161

56

3

Punjab

1889

1781

119

Rajasthan

3185

1086

114

Sikkim

52

20

6

Tamil Nadu

6421

1492

63

Telangana

2660

901

37

Tripura

237

8

1

Uttar Pradesh

8263

3374

107

Uttarakhand

627

448

71

West Bengal

5457

897

50

Total

72368

31841

1469

       

ANNEXURE-II

 (a) Details of State-wise and year-wise funds released during last five years& current year under NRCP (excluding river Ganga &its tributaries).                                                                                                                   

(Rs. in crore) 

Sl. No.

State/UT

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20 

2020-21

2021-22

(31/10/2021)

Fund Allocated

98.99

173.50

150.50

196.00

100.00

100.00

 

Funds Utilised

1.

Gujarat

71.40

62.00

63.00

96.89

27.26

42.45

2.

Jammu & Kashmir

30.00

20.00

3.

Maharashtra

21.00

31.75

4.

Manipur

3.00

15.00

20.00

5.

Odisha

1.99

6.

Punjab

50.00

7.

Sikkim

5.00

18.01

42.00

10.00

20.00

10.00

8.

Nagaland

5.00

5.00

10.00

5.13

14.87

Total

97.40

168.75

143.00

131.89

92.39

67.32

(b)     Details of State-wise and year-wise funds released/expended under Namami Gange programme during the last five years and current year                                                                                  

(Rs.crore)

State

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

2020-21

2021-22

(31/10/2021)

Fund  Allocated

1675.00

1423.12

2307.50

1553.40

1300.00

800.00

 

Fund Utilised

Uttarakhand

43.97

242.49

341.44

128.20

124.82

123.22

Uttar Pradesh

602.90

549.88

823.77

821.09

472.46

244.00

Bihar

82.03

367.18

673.03

1185.17

194.43

24.33

Jharkhand

49.53

21.72

74.23

30.50

28.03

3.76

West Bengal

117.25

249.35

227.62

70.60

105.06

70.34

Delhi

2.17

81.57

310.69

214.47

235.00

40.00

Haryana

52.73

6.88

Environmental Planning & Coordination Organization, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh

6.50

Urban Improvement Trust, Kota, Rajasthan

20.00

Irrigation & Public Health Department, Himachal Pradesh

1.25

NMCG’s Expenditure including other Basin wide interventions

85.73

105.94

175.76

223.06

178.92

100.34

Total

1062.81

1625.01

2626.54

2673.09

1339.97

606.01

*****

BY/AS

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